before you read our lesson on Cadences, please make sure you have a solid understanding of both chord progressions and intervals!
Cadence is the term to use when describing an ‘end feeling’ within a piece of music. You may have noticed a cadence in a song before; perhaps at the end of a verse or post chorus. It tones the song down and allows the musicians to rebuild in a way; changing the dynamics of the music.
A good example is in Radiohead’s – Paranoid Android; in between Jonny Greenwoods first guitar solo and the ‘rain down’ section.
Below is a list of Cadence terms (different progressions in which to end a phrase of music with)
Authentic (also known as Complete Cadence or Perfect Cadence) – A Dominant chord followed by a Tonic Chord (V – I or V7 – I)
Deceptive (also known as False Cadence or interrupted Cadence) – A Deceptive Cadence refers to when the music feels as though it is leading up to a Cadence, but doesn’t land on the tonic; and possibly not bring the expected pause. This type of Cadence is usually in a Major key with the progression of dominant to submediant (V-vi). In doing so, you replace your tonic (I Chord) with your relative minor (vi chord)
Half/Semi Cadence – A Half/Semi Cadence ends on the dominant chord (V); Often played as a ‘pause Cadence’.
Imperfect Cadence – An imperfect Cadence uses the standard (V – I) progression, however the tonic (I) is inverted!
Plagal Cadence – often used to end traditional hymns; the Plagal Cadence is a subdominant chord followed by a tonic chord (IV-I)
And there you have it!