Intervals are the distance between 2 notes in music. we measure the distances in half-steps (or semi-tones). 1 half-step/semi-tone is 1 note apart; i.e. the distance between B – C or F – F# etc.

 The order of intervals is as follows:

  • Unison – 0 half-steps
  • minor 2nd – 1 half-step
  • Major 2nd – 2 half-steps
  • minor 3rd – 3 half-steps
  • Major 3rd – 4 half-steps
  • Perfect 4th – 5 half-steps
  • Augmented 4th – 6 half-steps
  • Perfect 5th – 7 half-steps
  • minor 6th – 8 half-steps
  • Major 6th – 9 half-steps
  • minor 7th – 10 half-steps
  • Major 7th – 11 half-steps
  • Perfect 8th – 12 half-steps

we have split the diagrams below into 3 parts so you can clearly see the distances on a piano. (please note, the note choice is irrelevant; it is the distance between the 2 notes that you should be focusing on)

Piano intervals 1.png

 

Piano intervals 2.png

Piano intervals 3

Play around and familiarize yourself with the distance of the intervals and the terms; then – click here to learn how to use intervals to build chords and scales!

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